Human rights report documents violations against Syrians over the course of 13 years

Destroyed buildings in Harasta city, Damascus countryside - March 5, 2024 (Enab Baladi/Sarah al-Ahmad)

Destroyed buildings in Harasta city, Damascus countryside - March 5, 2024 (Enab Baladi/Sarah al-Ahmad)


The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) documented in its report, issued on the occasion of the 13th anniversary of the start of the Syrian revolution, the killing of 231,278 civilians in Syria during this period, 91% of whom were killed by the forces of the Syrian regime.

Among the dead were more than 30,000 children and more than 16,000 women.

According to the report released today, Friday, March 15, the Syrian regime forces caused the death of more than 23,000 children and more than 12,000 women, while the Russian forces killed about 7,000 civilians, including more than 2,000 children and about a thousand women.

The Islamic State organization killed more than 5,000 civilians, among them more than a thousand and 550 children and women, while Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) killed 538 civilians, among them 76 children and 82 women.

The report noted the killing of 4,227 civilians, among them 1,009 children and 886 women by the hands of the Syrian National Army (SNA) and opposition factions, while the Turkestan Islamic Party killed four civilians, in addition to 1,491 civilians killed by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), including 264 children and 177 women.

The International Coalition Forces (ICF) also caused the death of more than 3,000 civilians, nearly half of them women and children, in addition to more than 8,600 individuals by other parties.

Among the victims, 876 individuals were from medical staff, nearly 83% of them were killed by regime and Russian forces, as well as 717 from the media staff, about 78% of them were killed by regime forces.

Arrest and enforced disappearance

At least 156,757 individuals, among them more than five thousand children and 10,000 women, remain detained or forcibly disappeared by regime forces and controlling parties.

According to the report, the regime tops the list of arrests with 136,182 detainees, among them more than 12 thousand children and women, and there are more than 8,600 individuals, among them 319 children and 255 women, detained by the Islamic State organization, and more than 2,500, among them 47 children and 45 women, detained by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.

There are 4,243 individuals, among them 364 children and 879 women, detained by opposition factions and the National Army, in addition to 5,051 civilians, among them 809 children and 529 women, detained by the SDF.

Killing under torture

The Syrian Network for Human Rights report documented the killing of no less than 15,344 individuals due to torture, with 15,074 of them dying at the hands of Syrian regime forces, which is about 99% of the total toll.

32 of the torture victims were detainees at the Islamic State, 41 by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, 57 by opposition factions and the National Army, 100 by the SDF, and 30 by other parties.

Explosive barrels, chemical weapons, cluster munitions, incendiary weapons, and both helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft of the Syrian regime caused the death of more than 11,000 civilians, the majority of which were launched by the Syrian regime and its Russian ally.

At least 897 medical facilities, 1,453 places of worship, and 1,675 schools were attacked, some multiple times, with the regime, Russia, and Iran responsible for about 86% of the total according to the report.

More than half of the Syrian people are either refugees or internally displaced, with approximately 13.4 million Syrians internally displaced or seeking refuge in other countries since 2011.

Despite the issuance of 23 “amnesty” decrees by regime’s president Bashar al-Assad since 2011, there are concerns over the fate of about 113,000 Syrian citizens still subjected to enforced disappearance, about 86% of whom are at the hands of the Syrian regime.

The report highlighted the regime and Russia’s destruction of vast areas in many Syrian provinces, uprooting millions of Syrians from their lands and homes, and pushing them towards forced displacement. It also pointed to the international community’s failure to resolve the Syrian conflict, achieve political transition, as well as the failure of the United Nations Security Council in implementing relevant resolutions.


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