The liberation of Hama’s countryside began in 2012 with the liberation of Kafar Zeita. The first judicial experience in Hama’s countryside was at Termala court established in Idlib’s countryside but handling cases for Hama’s countryside.
The court was established in January 2012. It was one of several courts established as part of an experiment to establish an independent judiciary under the supervision of the Free Independent Syrian Judiciary Council. Nonetheless, the court’s work was put to an end in 2013 because of shortages in funding and a lack of support from any (military) party. Other reasons for its failure was the Sharia boards taking a more prominent role, and extremist factions fighting the work of all judges and legalists.
The court functioned for 5 months based on the efforts of volunteer lawyers and it implemented the Syrian state Law as a judicial reference. It had a role in resolving conflict in consensuses and handling civil cases concerning marriage, documentations, and contracts.
At the time Tarmala court disintegrated, al-Nusra Front formed the Justice Courthouse in Idlib’s countryside in the city of Khan Sheyhun. Brigades in Hama’s countryside would go to this court to resolve conflicts because most of the brigades fighting in Hama have headquarters in Idlib’s Countryside.
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Prominent Judicial Bodies Formed in Liberated Syria
The Phase of Regression: ‘Sheikhs’ Replacing Judges
Peoples’ Courts in Autonomous Administrated Regions
Free Independent Syrian Judiciary Council
Three Authority References Warn of the Division of Syria
Syrian State Law: will its continued implementation help maintain the unity of Syrian territory?
Islamic Sharia: Military Brigades Reject Legal References and Insist on the Implementation of Sharia
The Unified Arab Law: Demands for its implementation as a Middle Ground between Syrian State Law and Islamic Sharia
Judicial Schemes and the Shape of Laws in Areas outside the control of the Syrian Regime
Judiciary in Aleppo is unable to counter the Hegemony of the Military
Rehabilitative Program for Prisoners in Aleppo
Deraa: The Judiciary Scheme, Shape of laws in it since its Liberation
Eastern Ghouta: Foundation of Independent Judiciary following Liberation
Judiciary is absent from Western Ghouta and Sharia Implementation in Qalamoon
Jaysh al-Fateh Promises to implement a Unified Judicial Reference in Idlib
Al-Nusra Front Controls Judiciary in Lattakia Countryside
Hama Countryside: Absence of Judiciary and Subordination of Khan Sheyhun court
Al-Waer court and resolving dispute by consensus in Homs
Judiciary in Deir ez-Zor terminated by ISIS
Attempts at founding Judiciary in Raqqa were terminated by ISIS
Judiciary System under Baath Rule
How do Syrians value courts’ performance and Judiciary in their liberated areas?
Killing Justice in the North of Syria
Higher Judiciary Institute in Aleppo: First Graduates in Liberated Areas